BI950CE: Walking in The Footsteps Of Jesus and The First Deacons: A Pilgrimage To The Holy Land





BI950CE: Walking in The Footsteps Of Jesus and The First Deacons: A Pilgrimage To The Holy Land

1) COURSE DESCRIPTION.

The Josephinum Diaconate Institute offers a Holy Land Pilgrimage / Study Program. It is an 8 day directed study designed to introduce deacons and deacon candidates to the holy sites of our salvation history. Through participant-directed preparation and execution of the pilgrimage/study program, deacons and deacon candidates will prepare and then participate in an extensive visitation of pre-determined biblical sites in Israel and the Palestinian National Authority. Major components of this program include:

  1. a) An eight day comprehensive academic and spiritual orientation to sites in Israel and the Palestinian National Authority under the close supervision and guidance of faculty members from the Josephinum Diaconate Institute and a licensed priest-guide from the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land. The professor and licensed priest-guide have had extensive experience guiding study groups and pilgrims through the Holy Land and one has extensive geo-political strategic studies education and background as a flag officer in the U.S. military;
  2. b) Pre-course preparation will include researching the geography, history and related scriptures for locations and holy sites to be visited using the assigned Pilgrimage Book;
  3. c) The Pilgrimage/study program will include directed visitations of many of the major sites of Old and New Testament history and visits to these biblical sites will be designed to incorporate a deacon or deacon candidate’s knowledge of scripture, biblical archeology, salvation history and the history of the Church. Planned study sites include: historical Jaffa; Caesaria Maritima; Nazareth; Cana; Mount Tabor; Tiberias; MT. of Beatitudes; Tabgha; Capernaum; Sea of Galilee; Primacy of Peter; Tel Jezre’el; Joseph’s Well; Burqin; Samaria; MT Gerazim; Nablus; Jericho; the Jordan River; MT of Temptations; Bethany; Jerusalem; Bethlehem; Ein Kerem; MT. of Olives; City of David; Ecole Biblique: Chapel of St Stephen; MT. Zion; Dormition Abbey; Via Dolorosa; Holy Sepulcher; Abu Gosh (Emmaus); Philip’s Spring and other locations, time permitting.
  4. d) Daily celebration of the Liturgy of the Hours and Holy Mass will be a central focus of every day and these devotions will be crafted to enhance the pilgrim’s experience of the holy sites; liturgical celebrations, spiritual meditation and academic study will be illuminated by these daily spiritual exercises as we trace the steps of the Lord and the development of the early Christian Church;
  5. e) Directed reading and study of scripture passages and a presentation of the history, archeology and, where appropriate, geo-political considerations for the locations to be visited, and areas to be traveled through on the way to their designated visits will be required;
  6. f) Deacons, candidates and spouses will be afforded insightful orientation into the culture, politics and religious life of the regions we will visit and specific attention given to the Latin-Rite Catholic communities, their lives, and the charitable works being provided to their communities by Catholic Relief Services, the Latin Patriarch, and the Franciscan Custody of the Holy Land; and finally,
  7. g) Participants will be given the opportunity for interreligious dialogue with members of all the Abrahamic religions and other faith groups in the areas to be traveled.

2) COURSE REQUIREMENTS.

  1. COMPLETION OF THE PILGRIMAGE. Deacons and deacon candidates must complete the entire pilgrimage and fully participate in all designated events.
  2. PRE-PILGRIMAGE RESEARCH. Participants will initiate research into the designated sites planned for visitation during the pilgrimage. Research will include a comprehensive investigation of the geography, history, current affairs and all pertinent scripture passages related to the sites to be visited as listed in the official Pilgrimage Book.
  3. REFLECTION PAPER. Upon completion of the pilgrimage, participants will have two weeks to complete a reflection paper answering the question: Why does Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI refer to the Holy Land as, ‘the 5th Gospel?’
  4. GRADES. BI 950 CE: WALKING IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF JESUS AND THE FIRST DEACONS: A PILGRIMAGE TO THE HOLY LAND will be graded PASS / FAIL. Those registered for and passing BI 950 will receive two credit hours. Which may be applied to any Josephinum Diaconate Institute degree or certificate program.

 

 

BI 950 CE BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

REQUIRED TEXT:
Iasiello, Louis V. 2022: Pilgrims Study Guide to the Holy Land. Columbus: JDI Institute Press, 2022.

RECOMMENDED TEXTS:

  1. Murphy-O’Connor, Jerome. The Holy Land. An Oxford Archaeological Guide from Earliest Times to 1700. Oxford 2008 5th edition.This is an archeological guide written by one of the world's most renown biblical scholars. It covers over hundred sites in the Holy Land. Students would be required to read only those chapters or sections that discuss the sites visited during the pilgrimage. It does not study sites in Jordan.
  2. Finegan, Jack. Archaeology of the New Testament: Life of Jesus and the Beginning of the Early Church. Princeton University Press 1992.

This can be considered as an extended version of Murphy-O’Connor’s archeological guide (at least twice bigger). Like Murphy-O’Connor book, this text is to be used as a reference book. Students should consult only those sections describing the sites visited.

SUPPLEMENTARY AND CLASSICAL TEXTS FOR PERSONAL STUDY:

  1. Wilkinson, John. Jerusalem as Jesus knew it. Archeology as Evidence. Jerusalem: Thames and Hudson 1978.Although it is outdated (1978), it presents a good description of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus. It considers also sites outside Jerusalem although in a more concise way. In contrast to the book of Murphy-O’Connor, this text can be read as a book and not as reference guide. Besides, this text considers fewer places (e.g. The Last Supper Room is not discussed, or the place of Mary’s visitation at Ein Karem).
  2. Stern, Ephraim (ed.). The New Encyclopedia of Archeological Excavations in the Holy Land. Eisenbrauns 1993. 5 Volumes.This is a reference book. It provides exhaustive archeological information on a number of sites in the Holy Land.
  3. Wright, G. E. Biblical Archeology. Westminster John Knox Press 1962.This is a classic text. Although outdated (1962) it stands out for its clarity and broad content. It studies the History of Ancient Israel through ages, from the archeological point of view. It also discusses aspects as the social life and religion.
  4. Jeremias, Joachim. Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus. Fortress Press 1969.This is a classic text. Although outdated (1969), it is remarkable for bringing alive the way of life in Jerusalem at the time of Jesus. Each chapter studies one specific aspect: Commerce, Jobs, Foreigners, Social classes, Clergy, etc.

Holy Land Pilgrimage: Ancient Text:

Wilkinson, John. Egeria's Travels. Oxford: Aris & Phillips 2006 3rd edition.

This is a recent English translation of the travel diary of a female pilgrim who visited the Holy Land and other countries as Egypt, in the 4th century (AD 381-384). The diary describes the Holy places and the liturgies in which she participated. It is considered a must-read for those interested in the history of the sacred places in the Holy Land.

 



Course Additional Information

WALKING IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF JESUS AND THE FIRST DEACONS
AN EIGHT DAY PILGRIMAGE TO THE HOLY LAND

Day 1 - Monday, May 09, 2022. Depart U.S.A.

Our spiritual pilgrimage begins as pilgrims depart from the United States on a direct, overnight flight to Ben Gurion Airport, Tel Aviv, Israel. Dinner and breakfast will be served in transit. D (dinner) & B (breakfast)

Day 2 - Tuesday, May 10, 2022. Arrive Tel Aviv / Netanya

After arrival at Ben Gurion Airport, we’ll be welcomed by our spiritual guides, Franciscan Fathers Louis Iasiello O.F.M., and David Wathen, O.F.M., who will accompany us throughout our pilgrimage. The Franciscan Friars have been the Pope’s official custodians of the Holy Land since the 14th Century, and have remained in the Holy Land since the visit of Saint Francis to the Sultan in the 13th Century. The Scriptures will come alive as we follow the path of salvation history which will ultimately lead us to the Holy City of Jerusalem, the place where the Pascal Mystery unfolded. We will also visit many of the places referred to in the Acts of the Apostles as significant to the lives of the ‘First Seven’ who we now honor as the first deacons of the Church.

After passing through Israeli passport control, we will be met by an official of our sponsoring agency, Georges International Travel, and, after gathering our luggage, we will board our bus. Leaving Ben Gurion we will drive to the biblical city of Old Jaffa (on the coast of Tel Aviv), and celebrate Mass at St. Peter’s Church; after Mass we will lunch in a restaurant overlooking the shoreline of Israel.  After lunch we will drive to our hotel in Netanya on the shores of the Mediterranean. After dinner, pilgrims may elect to rest early, or walk along beach. (L/D)

MASS AT ST PETERS CHURCH… DEPENDING ON SIZE OF GROUP… USE THE 12th CENTURY CRUSADER CHAPEL.

Day 3 – Wednesday, May 11, 2022: Netanya / Galilee

After breakfast and morning prayer we will drive along the Mediterranean shore to the ancient port city of Caesarea Maritima, built by King Herod to honor the Roman Emperor. As stated in Luke’s Acts of the Apostles, Caesarea was first introduced to Christianity by Philip the Deacon (Acts 8: 40) who resided in the port city and offered hospitality to Paul the Apostle (Acts 21: 8-10). Peter the Apostle visited with Philip and while in Caesarea baptized Cornelius the Centurion and his household; this was the first recorded incident of a gentile being baptized a Christian (Acts 10:1-11:18). When the newly converted Paul was facing persecution in Jerusalem, Christians arranged his transport to Caesarea and from there, sent him off to his native city of Tarsus. Paul would visit Caesarea again between his second and third missionary journeys, and, as mentioned, was offered hospitality at the home by Philip the Deacon and his four ‘prophetess’ daughters. Paul was held a prisoner in Caesarea for two years before being sent to Rome (Acts 23:23, 25: 1-13). Church Father Origen wrote some of his most important theological works while living in Caesarea (3rd Century) and Saint Eusebius, the famous church historian was the Bishop of this important port city. Some early histories record that Zacchaeus the Publican from Jericho (mentioned in the Gospels) was first bishop of the Christian community at Caesarea. After our visit of Caesarea Maritima we drive over the mountains to the biblical city of Nazareth where Jesus spent most of his life. We will visit its beautiful Basilica of the Annunciation, site of the sacred encounter between the Angel Gabriel and Mary. We will also visit St. Joseph’s Church, the site of the home of the Holy Family. After a lunch we drive to town of Cana where we will recall the first of Jesus miracles, and institution of the Sacrament of Marriage at the wedding feast at Cana. Those who wish to do so will be given the opportunity to renew their wedding vows, and we will all contemplate those historic words of Mary: “Do whatever he tells you.” From Cana we will ascend the historic heights of Mt. Tabor, sight of the ancient battle of the Israelite general Barak against the Canaanites, and the sacred place where Jesus took Peter, James and John and was gloriously transfigured in their sight. After a rich day of biblical discovery, pilgrims will dine and rest in the ancient city of Tiberias. B & D. Netanya, Caesarea, Nazareth Tiberias.

MASS AT SITE IN NAZARETH OR MOUNT TABOR…

Day 4 – Thursday, May 12, 2022: After waking on the glorious shores of the Sea of Galilee, and following breakfast and morning prayer, pilgrims will be driven to the Mount of Beatitudes which overlooks the Sea of Galilee. Here at this idyllic setting, Jesus conducted his public ministry and preached His famous Sermon on the Mount. From here we will descend down to mount to the lake to a site called Tabgha (Seven Springs), venerated as the site of the Multiplication of Loaves and Fishes.From there we proceed to Capernaum, known as the Second (home) City of Jesus. Pilgrims will view the House of Peter (revered since the 1st Century as the site of Peter’s house), and then walk to the nearby ruins of a fourth-century synagogue built over the 1st Century synagogue where Jesus delivered his famous Eucharistic (Bread of Life) Discourse and where He healed the sick (John: 6). It was here, on the shore of this ancient city, that Our Lord called many of His Apostles, and after healing the mother-in-law of Peter many others were cured of their afflictions. We will then board a boat for a ride on the Sea of Galilee, and recount some of the many Scripture passages recalling significant events in the lives of Jesus and his apostles. Finally, we will have the opportunity to view the remains of a 1st Century boat which, according to archeologists is the same type of boat used by fishermen at the time of Jesus. B, L & D, Galilee / Tiberias

MASS AT PETER’S HOUSE;’ VISIT TO MAIMONIDES TOMB IN TIBERIAS?

Day 5 – Friday, May 13, 2022: Like Jesus so often did in his life and ministry at Capernaum, we will awake again on the historic shores of the Sea of Galilee. After breakfast and morning prayer pilgrims will visit the site called the Primacy of Peter, where, in a post-resurrection visit of Jesus, the Lord fed the Apostles and asked Peter if he loved Him… and then directed him to feed His sheep.
ADD: After Mass on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, we will
VISIT TO SAMARIA: SITE OF PHILIP’S PREACHING AND INTRODUCTION OF CHRISTIANITY… SUGGEST WE VISIT The 10 LEPERS CHURCH IN JENIN, JOSEPH’s WELL, SAMARIA AND JACOB’S WELL at Shechem… RATHER THAN CAESAREA PHILIPPI / BETHSAIDA and KURSI… I believe this WOULD BE MORE MEANINGFUL FOR DEACONS AND WIVES.

REMOVE: From there we drive to the historic and often fought over Golan Heights where we will visit Caesarea Philippiwhere Peter declares that Jesus is the Messiah and Jesus responds by declaring to Peter, “You are Peter and upon this Rock I will build my Church.” After lunch we will visit Bethsaida, the hometown of Peter, Andrew and Phillip, and the place where Jesus cured a blind man. A visit to the site of the Miracle of the Swine at Kursi rounds out the afternoon.) B & D, Tiberias

MASS AT PRIMACY OF PETER

Day 6 – Saturday, May 14, 2022: Today we follow the Jordan River south from the Sea of Galilee through its fertile valley to the city of Jericho. We’ll visit one of the world’s oldest cities, the City of Jericho, the city conquered by Joshua and the Israelite army after they left Mount Nebo, crossed the Jordan River and entered the ‘Promised Land.’ In Jericho, we will stop at a Sycamore treeto recall Jesus’ encounter with Zacchaeus the Publican (tax collector). After a short visit at some of the ancient archeological ruins (the ancient Gates of Jericho) we will stop to celebrate Mass at the Franciscan Church of the Good shepherd at the Parish Church in Jericho. Pilgrims will be introduced to the peace-making work of the world famous ‘International School.’ From there we will travel a short distance to the site traditionally venerated as the Mt. of Temptation, the place of Jesus’ temptations by the devil. Very near to City of Jericho is the Jordan River; we will stop at the river to commemorate Our Lord's Baptism in the Jordan by St. John, and renew our own Baptismal Promises. After departing the Jordan River we will begin our steep ascent up the holy mountain to Jerusalem and, as pilgrims have for millennia, we will pray the Ascent Psalms to prepare us for our arrival in the holy city of Jerusalem. On our way ‘up to Jerusalem,’ we will stop at Bethany, the home of Martha, Mary and Lazarus, and for those able, we will stop at the tomb traditionally revered as Lazarus’ tomb. Once we arrive in Jerusalem we check in to our hotel for dinner and a well-deserved rest. B Tiberias, D Jerusalem

MASS AT JERICHO CHURCH (TALK UP LOCAL MINORITY MINISTRY, THE MIRACLE OF PEACE IN JERICHO; THE INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL)

Day 7 – Sunday, May 15, 2022: After traveling a short distance south of Jerusalem, we will arrive in Bethlehem. We begin our visit in the countryside of Bethlehem at Shepherds’ Field to remember the angels’ glad tidings to the shepherds. Within the town of Bethlehem we will venerate the Holy Grotto of the Nativity, and visit the Grotto of St. Jerome. We also will visit the Franciscan church of St. Catherine of Alexandria, the annual site of Bethlehem’s Christmas Midnight Mass. After lunch, we will travel to Ein Kerem to visit the Church of St. John the Baptist, birth place of the precursor of the Lord, and the Visitation Church, where we recall Mary’s prayer of praise: the Magnificat. B, L, & D Jerusalem

MASS AT ST JEROME’S CHAPEL OR ST CATHERINE’S CHAPEL; IS THIS A GOOD DAY TO ADD PHILIP’S SPRING TO THE ITINERARY?

Day 8 – Monday, May 16, 2022: This morning we drive to the summit of the Mt. of Olives to visit the site of the Ascension of Our Lord and the Church of Pater Noster. Walking down the Palm Sunday Road toward Jerusalem we will visit the chapel of Dominus Flevit. Here we will have a wonderful panoramic view of the Holy City of Jerusalem. From there we continue down the road to the Garden of Gethsemane and visit the Basilica of the Agony. After lunch we will be treated to a visit of the recently opened City of David, site of King David’s Palace and the Pool of Siloam. It is also the location of a first century synagogue which some archeologists believe to be the Synagogue of Freedmen, mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles and home of the Jews who debated with Stephen and then presented him to the Sanhedrin for judgment. Finally, we will visit the Chapel of Saint Stephen the site traditionally venerated as the site of Stephen’s tomb. B, L & D Jerusalem

ADD IN SITE OF STEPHEN’S MARTYRDOM… (AT THE ECOLE BIBLIQUE CHAPEL IS LOCATED… WHICH WOULD BE A GREAT PLACE FOR MASS).

WHAT ABOUT THE FINAL MIDDLE EASTERN DINNER MONDAY NIGHT?

ADD IN THE CITY OF DAVID TOUR: VISIT OF SITE OF THE ANCIENT SYNAGOGUE… WHICH MAYBE THE SYNAGOGUE OF THE FREEDMEN MENTIONED IN ACTS OF THE APOSTLES… WHERE STEPHEN ARGUED/DEBATED AND ENRAGED SYNGAGOGUE JEWS… LEADING TO HIS STONING.

MUST ADD SIDE TRIP TO PHILIP’S SPRING … PHILIP AND ETHIOPIAN EUNUCH.

MASS AT CHAPEL AT ECOLE BIBLIQUE; (BASILICA OF NATIONS OR DOMINUS FLEVIT)

Day 9 – Tuesday, May 17, 2022: Early morning Mass will be celebrated at the Lord’s tomb: the Holy Sepulcher. After breakfast we will enter the Old City of Jerusalem through St. Stephen’s Gate where our first stop is at the Crusader Church of St. Anne and the adjacent Pools of Bethesda. Next we will make the Way of the Cross, carrying a wooden cross along the streets and among the markets and shops as Jesus did on His journey to Calvary; our route is the traditional Via Dolorosa. We end the Stations when we enter the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and visit Golgotha and complete our devotions at the Sacred Tomb of Jesus. In the afternoon we will visit the Western or Wailing Wall, where prayers are still offered up at these remaining holy stones of Herod’s Second temple compound. The only structures still standing on the Temple Mount (site of the Temple) are the Moslem Shrines of the Dome of the Rock and the El Aqsa Mosque. After lunch we will drive along the walls of the Old City to Mt. Zion and visit the traditional site of the Upper Room (above David’s tomb), remembering the Last Supper, a post-Resurrection appearance and the great feast of Pentecost. Nearby we see Dormition Abbey Church that honors Mary’s “falling asleep.” Somewhere in the vicinity of the Cenacle the early Christians identified seven men of great faith and character, and it was here that the Apostles ‘ordained’ them to assist in their ministry to the community of believers. We will end the day with a visit to St. Peter in Gallicantu, which marks the site of Peter’s denial and the site of the ‘sacred stairs.’ B, D Jerusalem

ADD IN: MASS AT HOLY SEPULCHER; ADD IN SITE OF 1st COMMUNITY ON MT ZION WHERE FIRST DEACONS WERE SELECTED AND ‘ORDAINED.’ THEY HAVE FOUND FRAGMENTS OF EARLY OIL LAMPS AND OTHER EARLY CHRISTIAN ARTIFACTS SOMEWHERE ON MT ZION.

Day 10 – Wednesday: May 18, 2022: We drive to Ben Gurion Airport for our early morning flight to the U.S. arriving home this same day. (The flight may be the night before).


No periods were set for this course




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